Record of S.S.U.
George J. Shively
Ed. New York 1920
[...] 1917 [...]
December 24. After breakfast
cars are moved to the French caserne, where Section is assigned
three large rooms - two for Americans and one for French - and
one small room for bureau. Mighty cold, but stove is set up in
one of the rooms, also used for a mess-hall. Cunningham and
Corp. Lundgren make first trip to Menil for three assis. Our
Division has not yet come up to lines. Several avions around
today. Section by unanimous vote declines invitation to join
with Section 92 in their Christmas dinner.
December 25. Snowed last night. Extra detail in kitchen today.
Section has fine Christmas dinner - desserts are partly due to
gifts from Lieut. Abbot and Bradley, Rubber boots and duplicate
shipment of oilskins arrive today, but no Christmas packages.
Lieut. Abbot makes a round of new section postes. Men are free
to spend afternoon and evening in town. Each man gets two francs
from section fund for supper.
December 26. Box of turkeys and other Christmas articles arrive.
Boots distributed. Check for five hundred and twelve francs
arrives - to cover rations saved by Section at Base Camp. Crane
and Bowerman taken to Hospital 12/16, Baccarat. Both have the
grippe. Butler appointed Statistical Sub-Section for 63/585.
Weber goes to Luneville for lost letter of credit - buys
December 27. Our Division starts moving up to trenches today.
Section votes to have its turkey dinner at the hotel. More snow.
December 28. French helmets arrive and are distributed. Corp.
Lundgren put in charge of oil and gasoline. Good music this
evening, furnished by Green with mandolin, "Van" with the drum,
"Howie" the bugle and Yens the harmonica.
December 29. First big batch of Christmas packages arrives.
Bowerman and Crane return from hospital. In evening Section has
dinner at H6tel-duPont. Fine feed. Frenchmen in Section are
there, also Lieut. Mauser and the French Lieut, of No. 92. Short
speeches by Lieut. Abbot, Larkin and Trieffault.
December 30. Section takes over postes today. Five cars out at
all times - for present, two men to a car. Four postes -
Badonviller, Montigny, Herbeviller, Ogeviller. One car on call
at H. O. E., Baccarat. Section is attached to the 128th
Division. More packages.
December 31. Section moves this afternoon to the quarters
formerly occupied by Section 92 - at the "Cristallerie." Section
92 moves up to the caserne. Quiet New Year's Eve. Lewis and
Lyman return at 9 p.m. from permission in Paris. L'Antoine from
permission. Proal to permission.
January 1. Sleeping space is enlarged and a second stove set up.
Room is hired next door - to be used as lounging-room and
library. At a special assembly Lieut. Jamon extends New Year's
greetings to the Section and makes short speech, followed by a
toast to France, America and Victory. Big mail today. Several
bottles of champagne are given Section by the French Gov't.
January 2. Calisthenics returned to daily schedule - Stevens
leaves this eve for permission.
January 3. Kirby Green taken to Ambulance 226 today - has the
January 4. Lieut. Abbot tells Section that its gasoline
consumption for December was incredibly large. New list of
drivers announced and regulations for drivers are posted. Every
precaution must be taken against loss of "essence."
January 5. Bates and D. C. Peters went on their permission at
7.30 p.m. Shively assumes the duties of Mess Sergeant.
January 6. Cunningham and Van Doren to Ambulance 226 - have the
January 7. Bureau moved to house next to quarters. Hot baths are
provided in the Cristallerie.
January 8. Kitchen enlarged.
January 9. Inspection. Packard truck goes for wood. Straw
received for ticks. No mail.
January 10. Lieut. Abbot and Lieut. Jamon inspect postes and
infirmaries of the Badonviller sector with the Medecin
Divisionnaire. Room for section infirmary hired adjoining "library."
January 11. Cunningham and Green return from sick in Ambulance
226. Section receives tickets for a French musical show this
January 12. Lieut. Abbot and Lieut. Jamon inspect roads in
Badonviller sector - and visit Neuviller.
January 13. Van Doren returns from Ambulance 226.
January 14. Postes are changed today. Two cars are stationed at
Migneville - no longer at Ogeviller and Herbeviller. Stevens
returns from permission.
January 15. In morning, Section learns that French are to make
an attack at Badonviller. Four cars and the Packard are
stationed there, four others at Pexonne and others held in
waiting at Baccarat. Attack is made in afternoon - cars are kept
busy carrying in blesses until after 2 a.m. Packard is stuck in
a ditch near Vacqueville. Several Boche blesses brought in.
January 16. Section rises late. More than thirty Boche prisoners
are in the court before Division Headquarters today. Packard
returns. Proal back from permission.
January 17. Conference in first-aid methods at H. O. E. in the
afternoon - Section attends. Bates and D. C. Peters return from
permission. Lieut. Abbot goes to Nancy to get pay.
January 18. Men paid today. Marcellus, Green and Tremaine leave
January 19. Miiller, L'Antoine, Trieffault and Martinet leave
Section. After today men must have "permis de circulation" to
circulate in streets of Baccarat before 5 p.m.
January 20. Men have the afternoon "off."
January 21. New alarm clock - guard is up on time this morning.
January 22. Section takes gas test at Caserne I'Admirault this
afternoon. Beginning today there is but one guard.
January 23. Inspection of cars, quarters and grounds.
January 24. Conference at H. O. E. on bandaging and hypodermic
January 26. Box of reserve provisions is packed. Boxes
containing Quaker Oats and phonograph records which were lost at
Bar-le-Duc October 9 are received from Lieut. Mauser. Section is
given tickets for entertainment given at the Military Theatre.
January 27. Phonograph is placed in library. Ham and eggs for
breakfast. Sachs of Section 92 and a British soldier visit
January 29. Lieut. Abbot receives word that Sgt. Johnstone is on
permission at Nice before returning to Section.
January 30. Three American soldiers from Headquarters spend
night with the Section.
January 31. Third conference at H. O. E. on antiseptics,
bandaging, etc. The three American soldiers are rationed with
the Section. Lieut, visits the postes to have men on duty there
sign pay roll.
February 1. Card index for men of Section is completed. Several
men take gas test.
February 2. Marcellus, Tremaine and Green return from
permission. Corp. Lundgren, Baljantyne and Butler leave on
permission at 7.30 p.m.
February 3. Large American mail arrives, together with a
shipment of clothing.
February 7. Work on Packard truck finished. Several cars washed.
Fourth conference at H. O. E. Diedrichs leaves on permission.
February 8. Small French attack expected last night. Lieut.
Abbot and Lieut. Jamon go to Badonviller to relieve Bates and
Larsen, who are sent to Neuviller. Nothing doing.
February 9. Weber and Larsen sent to Neuviller last night, but
nothing happened. Slight French attack at Badonviller but no
casualties. Lieut. Jamon, Lieut. Abbot and Sgt. Johnstone visit
Badonviller and find a new means of evacuating P. S. of
Rendezvous-des-Chasseurs in case of attack on Badon.
February 10. Another scare at Badonviller last night.
February 11. Painting "S. S. U. 585" on cars is begun.
February 12. Proal sent to Pare Y. Lieut. Abbot, Sgt. Johnstone,
Marcellus and Campbell go to Nancy to meet paymaster.
February 13. Boche plane drops bombs at Azerailles early this
A.M. Two cars are sent to get the victims.
February 14. Last conference at H. O. E.
February 15. Road from Vacqueville to Pexonne for one-way
traffic only. Cars have to come back through Neuf-Maisons.
February 16. Received shipment of tobacco from New York Sun fund
and citizens of Allentown.
February 17. Many American officers and troops of 42d Division
arrive in Baccarat.
February 18. Alerte for avions at ten o'clock last night.
February 19. Harper returns from permission.
February 20. Small ^^ coup-de-main" at Neuviller. Only three
blesses. Corp. Lundgren, Ballantyne and Butler return from
permission. Shipment of sporting goods from Y. M. C. A. arrives
February 21. Big American mail. Lecture at H. O. E. on poisonous
gases. Sgt. Peters, Campbell, Clifford and Cunningham leave for
Nice on permission.
February 22. Section cars busy today with French and Americans.
Fifteen calls. U. S. Field Hospital arrives - without equipment.
February 24. Crane sent to Ambulance 226 with cut hand.
Telephone message arrives from Chief U. S. A. S. announcing
appointment of Sgt. Johnstone as First Lieut. U. S. A. A. S. and
ordering him to report at once at Hqs. U. S. A. S. Diedrichs
February 25. At 8 a.m. roll call, Sgt. Hubbard presents Lieut.
Johnstone with an officer's belt in behalf of the men of the
Section. Many calls today. Men are assigned U. S. numbers.
"Johnny" leaves for Paris.
February 26. Perkins fills place of substitute cook to
February 28. Lieut. Abbot and Jamon visit postes with Captain of
the American Ambulance Section and arrange for transportation of
sick and wounded.
March 1. Starting today, men on poste at Badonviller will carry
rations from section kitchen. Road from Hablainville-Pettonville
is reserved for one-way traffic.
March 2. Letter received from Lieut. Johnstone stating that Carl
Holbrook died three weeks ago from indigestion, and that Church
Durant is very sick with heart trouble. Lyman and "Van" have a
March 3. Men are paid for poste rations. Crane returns from
March 4. Lieut. Abbot sends a letter to parents of Carl Holbrook
and of Church Durant.
March 5. During night of the fourth and fifth Germans attack in
front of Badonviller. Fifteen Americans, including one captain,
killed. Several cars sent out during the day. First American
mail for nearly two weeks.
March 6. General Pershing in town this morning. Packard makes
three trips to Vacqueville, brings in thirty-three French who
had been gassed. At 4 p.m. funeral is held for the Americans.
March 7. Shipment of Y. M. C. A. goods arrives.
March 8. No orderly sent out on Migneville and Badonviller cars
today. Hereafter there will be but one orderly at each of these
posts. Sgt. Peters, Clifford, Campbell and Cunningham return.
March 9. Clocks moved ahead one hour at 11 p.m. today. Packard
and two ambulances are sent to sawmill between St. Pole and St.
Maurice, this noon, with brancardiers and supplies. French and
Americans make coups at Neuviller and at Badonviller late in
afternoon. Very few wounded - Boches had left trenches. Packard
brings in load of gassed Frenchmen - one car stays at sawmill
all night. Four American ambulances from Company 168 are
stationed at Cristallerie "on call."
March 10. Packard to sawmill for supplies. Borden, Shively and
Wasem leave on permission.
March 11. Two ambulances and the Packard to sawmill again.
Diedrichs leaves Section.
March 12. Early in A.M. Boches shell sawmill - shrapnel ruins
radiator, lamps and motor of Packard. Larrabee and Sgt. Peters
have narrow escape when shell fails to explode near their heads.
Truck towed in.
March 14. Packard towed to Pare Y for repairs - Corp. Lundgren
and Marcellus go with it. Return with another Packard at 8 p.m.
New Marechal-des-Logis and Brigadier Ordinaire arrive. Rouger
March 16. Van Doren assigned to quarters and kitchen police for
March 18. Capt.-Inspector Hurley arrives and goes over mess fund
statements, clothing accountability, etc.
March 19. Five ambulances leave at 6 a.m. for evacuation of
hospitals. Lieut. Abbot to Nancy for pay. Germans are shelling
all roads along the Front - some of the cars have exciting runs.
At 8 p.m. two cars are sent to St. Pole with brancdrdiers and
later three cars are sent up near L'Ecureuil. French expected to
March 20. Men from L'Ecureuil return at 5 a.m. - those from St.
Pole at nine. No blesses. Lieut. Abbot leaves for Paris this
noon on permission. Heavy firing all evening.
March 21. Poste cars busy today. Van Doren is arrested by
American M. P. at Badonviller for taking pictures. Held at
Pexonne as a spy. Spends night in the guardhouse.
March 22. Van Doren turned over to Sgt. Peters this A.M. by M.
P. Very busy day - nineteen calls. Borden, Shively and Wasem
return from permission at Aix-les-Bains.
March 23. American troops continue to pass through Baccarat on
way back from trenches. American Ambulance 168 leaves today.
Orders arrive for Bates to report for Infantry O. T. C. which
opens March 31, 1918.
March 24. Eight ambulances are called out at 3.45 to evacuate to
French hospital train. Russell and Stevens are relieved at
Montigny this A.M. - they have made eleven trips in less than
two days. Section is ordered on the alerte today - no one can
leave the cantonment. Mme. Thomas' house in Badonviller is
ruined by a shell. Alerte for avions at 10 p.m. Brichard goes on
permission. Learn of big German offensive and shelling of Paris.
Can scarcely believe reports.
March 25. So many shoes and tubes are punctured on the
Badonviller road that Lieut. Jamon goes to Nancy to get supply.
Lieut. Abbot returns from Paris.
March 26. Lieuts. Abbot and Jamon visit Badonviller this P.M.
Flint and Voorhees and Lieut. Jamon are ready to leave on
permission when order arrives suppressing all leaves. Avions
over tonight drop bombs near railroad station. Men take to cave
March 28. Men ordered to cut down baggage as much as possible -
hear that Section is to move soon. Pvt. Howard P. Potter joins
Section from Base Camp U. S. A. A. S. tonight.
March 30. Cars on poste at Montigny and Badonviller are relieved
by American ambulances. Lieuts. Abbot and Jamon inspect postes
in St. Clement sector.
March 31. Cars are stationed at new postes - two cars at
Herbeviller, three at Benamenil and two at Domjevin.
April 1. Up at 5.30. Raining hard. Leave Baccarat at eight for
St. Clement. Section 92 does not get out until afternoon.
Various rooms and lofts are assigned as quarters. Men very
April 3. Lieut. Jamon's car towed to Nancy and Ford touring car
secured in its place.
April 6. Brichard returns from permission. Car returning from
Domjevin is not replaced.
April 7. Two cars are sent to Moyen - stationed there at H. O.
E. for evacuation work. Poste is changed from Herbeviller to
April 8. French start eating from the American kitchen today. "Mathe"
helping our cooks.
April 9. Section box of personal effects sent to Pare Y. Sgt.
Hubbard is put in charge of motor supplies, tires, etc.
April 11. Red Cross tent given to G. B. D., 128 D. I.
April 12. Lieut. Jamon, Lieut. Abbot and twenty men take gas
test, each driver trying out his Tissot in addition to the
ordinary mask. Band concert in P.M. and ball game after supper.
April 13. Slight change in sanitary service of the sector.
Triage moved from Benamenil to Ambulance 6/7, Chenevieres. Two
Boche avions added a little excitement to the day's doings.
April 14. Excellent dinner today for the Section, celebrating
the entrance of U. S. into the war. Field day of 169 R. I. in
April 15. Lieut. Jamon, Lieut. Abbot, Shively and Lyman go to
Baccarat in A.M. and get some commissary supplies. American mail
April 16. Victrola set up and greatly enjoyed.
April 18. No. 208 is towed to Nancy today.
April 19. American and French Lieuts. of S. S. U. 534 look over
cantonment and postes today. Larsen and Corp. Lundgren go to
Nancy with permis rouge for car No. 208. Word comes that Section
is to move to Baccarat.
April 20. Corp. Lundgren and Marcellus return with No. 208.
April 21. Cars at Benamenil and Ogeviller are relieved by cars
from S. S. U. 534. Atelier and most of section baggage packed in
cars. Two Americans from S. S. U. 534 eat with us today.
April 22. Section leaves St. Clement (in rain as usual) - moves
to Baccarat, where cars are parked near Hospital Mixte. Wasilik
and Larkin come directly from Moyen. Voorhees stays in St.
Clement, waiting for Medecin Divisionnaire. In afternoon cars
are moved to Rue de Glonville, where kitchen is set up. Most of
men are quartered in a barn, others through Rouger's efforts
secure rooms near by.
April 23. Order comes to move, so Section leaves for Bazien -
small village between Baccarat and Rambervillcr. Men not
enthusiastic over the move - strike - but esprit de corps
returns after talks by Lieut. Abbot and Sgt. Peters. Men
quartered in big new barn. Good bureau. Victrola is set up.
April 24. D. C. Peters and Emery go to Baccarat for supplies.
Men permitted to secure rooms in town. Order comes through
French renewing permissions.
April 25. Voorhees, Russell and Rouger leave on permission.
April 26. Big requisition is sent in to complete standard
equipment of tools, spare parts and supplies. Twelve men given
passes to Baccarat or Ramberviller this P.M. Must be back at
April 27. Clifford works on mess fund statements.
April 28. Ten men are sick with grippe. In afternoon "Bill"
Flint is taken to French H. O. E. at Baccarat.
April 29. More men are sick this A.M.
April 30. Flint returns from hospital.
May 2. Several men lose their rooms for returning late after
passes or missing roll call, and Van Doren loses car and it is
assigned to Perkins. "Van" is arrested by gendarme and M. P. for
having camp in woods. Later taken to Baccarat, where he spends
night in guardhouse.
May 3. Orders to leave. Section packs up in A.M. "Van" returns
to Section just before it leaves Bazien at 1.45 p.m. Googins'
car goes bad at Nossoncourt - new car has to be sent from Nancy.
First real American mail for long time. Section spends night at
May 4. This afternoon bunch goes swimming in the Moselle. Sgt.
Hubbard, Green, Googins, Wasilik and Wasem with their cars leave
by train with the Division.
May 5. Up at 3 a.m. and off at four. Lieut. Abbot joins Section
at Neufchateau. Stop at noon at Chaumont and reach Troyes for
supper. While entering town Tremaine's car hits little boy,
seriously injuring him.